Women Inventors You Probably Didn’t Know About
- IWB Post
- June 9, 2015
We only have read and talked about male scientists since our childhood, but less do we know about any female scientist. After thinking hard we might recall the name of Madame Curie, but do you know, there are hundreds of women researchers who were never really recognized for their contribution in the field of research and development. Let’s learn about few of them today:
That’s the story of Elizabeth Magie, the inventor of The Landlord’s Game, a precursor to Monopoly which was a critique to injustices of capitalism. But, her idea was lost to Charles Darrow, who sold it to Parker Brothers, the guys who finally developed the game. She was only offered USD 500 much later.
Known as ‘The Lady Edison’, this prolific inventor of the late 19th century, saved the textile workers plenty of injuries. She came up with a safety device to prevent such injuries after one of her co-workers was injured by a faulty machine.
She patented the ice-cream maker design in 1843 and we cannot thank her enough!
Heard of the terms ‘bug’ and ‘debug’? This genius lady designed Harvard’s Mark I Computer, a five-ton, room-sized machine, in 1944 and coined these terms when she had to remove moths from the device!
Her brilliant method got her a patented coffee filter system in 1908, after which she founded a business that still exists.
We all know she discovered radium, but did you also know that she discovered polonium as well. And did you know that she was the first person to win two Nobel Prizes, one in physics and the other in chemistry. She proved, during her studies of radioactivity, that you can in fact split an atom.
According to sources, “She asked her maid to bring two handkerchiefs, some ribbons, and a few pins. From these items, she fashioned a lighter, more flexible undergarment that she called a ‘backless brassiere.'” She later founded the Fashion Form Brassière Company, which she eventually sold to Warner Brothers Corset Company.
After conceiving the Dover House with her architect colleague, Eleanor Raymond, she designed the thermoelectric power generator to induce heat in the invention.
For those of us who believe Watson and Crick to be the only contributors to the DNA model, time for some history check. Because it is actually ‘her-story’ that went into making history. She was the first person to capture a photographic image by observing molecules using X-ray diffraction, but her idea was stolen by a male colleague and forwarded to these Nobel Prize winners in Physiology in 1962.
Stem cell isolation has actually helped in advancing medical research to find cures for diseases like cancer!
Not only is she the first woman to receive a Ph.D in physics at England’s Cambridge University, she’s also the first woman employee of General Electric. Her non-reflective glass initially helped create many camera and movie projector lenses and today, is an essential for eyeglasses, car windshields and computer screens.
Thanks to Maria, we found a solution to SOS situations at the sea that are potentially deadly. Also, she gave us a reason to go rafting.
Kevlar is five times stronger than steel and is used in bicycle tires, racing sails, body armour, frying pans, musical instruments and building construction!
Being the first black woman to receive a Ph.D from MIT in 1973 to a pioneer in telecom research, we really cannot picture an IT industry without her contributions. She’s enabled inventions like the portable fax, touch tone telephone, solar cells, fibre optic cables, and the technology behind caller ID and call waiting.